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cheriePosted for Everyone to comment on, last year5 min read

MEME of the day



What memes truely are 馃尶
A meme is a recognizable cultural element, reproduced and transmitted by the imitation of the behavior of an individual by other people. The Oxford English Dictionary defines the "meme" as "an element of a culture (taken here in the sense of civilization) which can be considered as transmitted by non-genetic means, in particular by imitation"4.
The English term "meme" was first proposed by Richard Dawkins in The Selfish Gene (1976) and comes from an association between the English term "gene" (gene) and the Greek word "mimesis" (imitation). Dawkins also constructs this term for its resemblance to the French word "even" (although the latter has a different etymology). Memes were presented by Dawkins as replicators, comparable in this respect to genes, responsible for the evolution of certain animal behaviors and cultures.


The study of memes has given rise to a new discipline: memetics.馃尶
The crypto world has applied its principles .
The meme is "a recognizable element of language transmitted by repetition from one individual to others". The definition given by Richard Dawkins corresponds to a 鈥渦nit of information contained in a brain, exchangeable within a society鈥. It results from a hypothesis according to which cultures would evolve like living beings, by variations and natural selection.
Like the gene, the meme would be the basic unit in this evolution. Meme and memetics are analogous to gene and genetics, applied to elements of cultures and not to biological individuals. The meme would be the exchangeable cognitive unit, allowing the replication within a social environment of meme complexes, called memotypes, whose structural variations would constitute the equivalent of known mutations in biology.


Very important to understand 馃尶
Memes, possibly grouped into meme complexes, do not reproduce themselves within individuals, but arouse their copy by provoking the imitation of the behavior that they confer on the individual hosting them, by other individuals. Their "survival" is therefore built on their ability to provoke imitable behavior, and is therefore subject to selection.
the logical meme, as instruction, choice, personal ethics, rule of conduct, algorithm;
the collective abstract idea: the symbolic meme, as symbol, dogma, ideology, value, community bond;
the individual concrete object: the neuronal meme, as an electrochemical neuronal schema;
the concrete collective object: the practical meme, as language, organization, cultural trait, convention, process, functional diagram .

Que memes son de verdad 馃尶
Un meme es un elemento cultural reconocible, reproducido y transmitido por la imitaci贸n del comportamiento de un individuo por parte de otras personas. El Oxford English Dictionary define el "meme" como "un elemento de una cultura (tomado aqu铆 en el sentido de civilizaci贸n) que puede considerarse como transmitido por medios no gen茅ticos, en particular por imitaci贸n"4.
El t茅rmino ingl茅s "meme" fue propuesto por primera vez por Richard Dawkins en The Selfish Gene (1976) y proviene de una asociaci贸n entre el t茅rmino ingl茅s "gene" (gen) y la palabra griega "mimesis" (imitaci贸n). Dawkins tambi茅n construye este t茅rmino por su parecido con la palabra francesa "incluso" (aunque esta 煤ltima tiene una etimolog铆a diferente). Los memes fueron presentados por Dawkins como replicadores, comparables a este respecto a los genes, responsables de la evoluci贸n de ciertos comportamientos y culturas animales.


El estudio de los memes ha dado lugar a una nueva disciplina: la mem茅tica.馃尶
El mundo de las criptomonedas ha aplicado sus principios.
El meme es "un elemento reconocible del lenguaje transmitido por repetici贸n de un individuo a otros". La definici贸n dada por Richard Dawkins corresponde a una 鈥渦nidad de informaci贸n contenida en un cerebro, intercambiable dentro de una sociedad鈥. Resulta de una hip贸tesis seg煤n la cual las culturas evolucionar铆an como seres vivos, por variaciones y selecci贸n natural.
Al igual que el gen, el meme ser铆a la unidad b谩sica de esta evoluci贸n. Meme y mem茅tica son an谩logos a gen y gen茅tica, aplicados a elementos de culturas y no a individuos biol贸gicos. El meme ser铆a la unidad cognitiva intercambiable, que permitir铆a la replicaci贸n dentro de un entorno social de complejos de memes, llamados memotipos, cuyas variaciones estructurales constituir铆an el equivalente de mutaciones conocidas en biolog铆a.


Muy importante de entender 馃尶
Los memes, posiblemente agrupados en complejos de memes, no se reproducen en el seno de los individuos, sino que suscitan su copia provocando la imitaci贸n de la conducta que confieren al individuo que los alberga, por parte de otros individuos. Por lo tanto, su "supervivencia" se basa en su capacidad para provocar un comportamiento imitable y, por lo tanto, est谩 sujeta a selecci贸n.
el meme l贸gico, como instrucci贸n, elecci贸n, 茅tica personal, regla de conducta, algoritmo;
la idea abstracta colectiva: el meme simb贸lico, como s铆mbolo, dogma, ideolog铆a, valor, v铆nculo comunitario;
el objeto concreto individual: el meme neuronal, como esquema neuronal electroqu铆mico;
el objeto colectivo concreto: el meme pr谩ctico, como lenguaje, organizaci贸n, rasgo cultural, convenci贸n, proceso, esquema funcional.


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